What is Biodiversity?
The variability among living organisms from all sources and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems. How does Pulses helps in improving soil Biodiversity? Nitrogen fixing bacteria establishes inside the root nodules of pulse crops; thus providing nitrogen for the plant and also improving soil fertility.Pulses help to increase soil microbial biomass and activity, thus improving soil biodiversity.
High biological diversity Pulses have a broad genetic diversity from which several varieties have been developed, including local cultivars that are not exported or grown worldwide.The genetic diversity of pulses is an essential component for on-farm soil and pest management, especially for small-scale farmers.Some varieties of pulses are also able to utilize soil-bound phosphorous. This element plays an important role in the nutrition of plants.A high soil biodiversity provides ecosystems with greater resistance and resilience against disturbance and stress.
MULTIPLE CROPPING SYSTEMS
Pulses are a crucial component of multiple cropping systems, e.g. inter cropping, crop rotation and agro forestry.Including pulses in crop rotations This utilizes symbiotic bacteria to fix nitrogen, which is partly transfered to subsequent crops, thus increasing their yields.